Knee Pain

knee pains

What Causes Knee Pain?

The knee is the largest joint in the body. The upper and lower bones of the knee are separated by two discs called menisci. The upper leg bone (the largest bone in the body), is called the femur and the lower leg bones are the tibia and fibula. All these bones are connected by ligaments, tendons, and muscles. The surface of the bones inside the knee joint is covered by articular cartilage, which absorbs shock and provides a smooth, gliding surface for joint movement.

Most people have had a minor knee problem at one time or another. Knee problems and injuries often occur during sports or recreational activities, work-related tasks, or home projects. Knee pain can be caused by:

  • Traumatic injury or accident
  • Everyday wear and tear
  • Overuse—bike-riding, running, jumping
  • Underlying conditions such as arthritis or structural variations like leg length discrepancy or over pronation of the feet.

Knee Injury Symptoms

Symptoms of knee injuries may be acute (sharp sudden pain caused by accident or injury) or chronic (pain that occurs and gets worse over time). Chronic pain is associated with wear and tear that builds up over the years, or underlying arthritis or osteoporosis. Acute knee injuries cause:

  • Severe ache or pain with activity or even at rest
  • Bruising
  • Swelling, which may be severe and develop within minutes of the injury
  • The knee may feel unstable or “give way”
  • The knee or lower leg may feel numb and/or weak
  • The knee may not fully bend or straighten

Types of Knee Injuries

Sudden acute injuries may be caused by a direct blow to the knee or from abnormal twisting, bending, or falling on the knee. Many knee problems in active athletes can be attributed to overtraining/overuse injuries or pain from repetitive tasks. Other injuries include:

  • Sprains or strains to ligaments and tendons
  • Tear in the rubbery cushions of the joint (torn meniscus)
  • Ligament tears:
    • Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL tear)
    • Medial collateral ligament (MCL tear)
  • Breaks: kneecap (patella), lower femur (thigh), upper tibia (shinbone), fibula
  • Kneecap dislocation — treated emergently by physician
  • Pieces of bone from fracture or dislocation

Get Back to Doing What You Love

How can you get your life back as soon as possible? Dr. Mark Thompson, LAc, DPT is a Doctor of Physical Therapy and Licensed Acupuncturist, but he doesn’t use just one approach. With over 30 years of practice, he has developed a focused, dedicated treatment approach called Acutherapy that combines a number of evidence-based proven therapies and traditions to help heal your knee pain and recover faster from injury:

The skilled practitioners at Mark Thompson Acutherapy have treated thousands of patients with knee pain successfully, and their goal is to help you get rid of the pain or heal from injury quickly and effectively. Treatments are usually a combination of modalities and consist of an hour of one on one care. If you are looking for someone who can treat you as a unique human being, who wants to help you get on with your life and lifestyle, you have found the right practice in Mark Thompson Acutherapy. Call today at 212 974-7240 or request an appointment online now.